History of the Objective Mount Sniper
One of the earliest wartime sniper rifles used by German soldiers is the objective mount sniper (as it is called by collectors). Unfortunately, not a lot is known about these snipers and very few exist today in collections. It is known that commercial mounts and bases were used to assemble these and it is assumed that these were depot built snipers. The majority of wartime pictures show these rifles in the hands of Waffen SS soldiers making it likely that they were an early SS depot creation. However, it is possible that a version was made for the Army as well. At this time it is not known when and where these Army examples were assembled. The SS depot in which they were assembled is not yet known either. Wartime documents refer to them as the “Suhler” mounting system. The only scopes seen to date used on objective mount snipers are the Hensoldt Wetzlar and Ajack.
The scope had two half rings soldered on, one ring to the scope tube and the other to the front objective. These rings each have two claws that were matched to the bases. The front portion of the base consisted of two parts, a saddle that was attached to the rifle’s receiver and a smaller base that has the slots for the two claws. The saddle had a notch cut into it and the smaller base was then fit to it. The rear base contains a spring load locking bar that allows for a quick detach of the scope. It would appear that the rifle serial number was then stamped on the bottom portion of the rear ring. The fit and finish on Objective Mounts tends to be of high quality and very much resembles the work of WWI Gewehr sniper rifles, another reason why it is likely they were depot assembled as opposed to factory produced in large numbers.
As a result of these sniper rifles being so rare, the best way to study them is by observing original war time pictures. One interesting find among these photos is the use of a mono-pod attached to the forward part of the stock. These mono-pods thus far have only been seen on objective mounts and shows the innovative nature of German forces in creating an effective sniper rifle. Authentic objective mount snipers are extremely rare in the collecting market today.
Picture showing two SS soldiers both armed with early Objective mount snipers.
War time pictures of a SS sniper with a Objective mount sniper. A mono pod can be seen attached on the stock of the rifle. A feature seen in other war time pictures but only seen on Objective mounts.
Example of a Objective Mount
Objective mount snipers are extremely rare. This rifles was built on a 1939 dated bsw rifle.
Close up of front base
Close up of the rear base.
This rifle was fitted with a Hensoldt Dialytan 4 power scope.
(Above) Pictures showing where the rear ring is numbered to a rifle. This example doesn't match the rifle. It can be seen where a previous rifle number was crossed out and the new rifle number added. It is not uncommon to see recycled scope parts on German snipers.
(Left) Two wartime pictures showing Objective Mounts fitted with Ajack scopes with focus adjuster. It is possible that these are Army soldiers armed with the Army's variation of the Objective Mount.
(Right) Another wartime picture showing a objective mount with mono-pod attached.
History of the SS Double Claw
Late in the war the Waffen SS would come back to a double claw mounting system, likely due to the failure of a short side rail. This would be the last sniper rifle mounting system used by the SS in WWII. According to war time documents, the Waffen SS contacted Waffenwerke Brünn A.-G. to supplies rifles. However, the SS was not allowed to procure newly made rifles from Brünn but instead had to provide rifles to be fitted with scopes. It would appear from observing original rifles that the SS sent Brünn only certain rifles. The most common base rifles are Steyr SS contract rifles and SSZZA4 depot built rifles. The only other two base rifles used are bcd 43 and byf 43, though these are seen less frequently. When rifles were completed they were sent to the SS depot in which they were inspected and accepted. It was at this time that rifles likely received the SSZZA2 stamp.
Despite the 43 dated receivers, double claws were most likely assembled in 1944. It is unclear if they purposefully selected the more accurate rifles or merely chose rifles at random. However, looking at the methods of the other German sniper makers, it is likely that the most accurate rifles were chosen.
Once a rifle was chosen, the receiver was cut to allow for the front base to be inserted. The rear base was fitted and soldered in place. In some instances, the front and rear bases were also staked in place. However, this seems to be the exception. Unlike the objective mount, the spring loaded locking mechanism for locking the scope to the rear base was located on the rear rings, as opposed to the base itself. The scope rings were attached to the scope tube using two methods, full soldering and welding. Once scope assemblies were fitted to a rifle the rifle serial number was engraved on the left side of the scope tube. The nature of claw mounting systems require a large amount of custom fitting of the scope rings and bases to one another. This makes it difficult to attach a scope to a rifle that it was not originally assembled with (i.e., matching).
There was only one maker of scope used on the SS double claw, the dow scope made by the Czech firm Optikotechna GmbH, Prerau which was a subsidiary of Waffenwerke Brünn AG. There are two variations to this scope. One has a ocular focus adjuster while the other does not. Both have a large knurled center adjuster used for adjusting the elevation of the reticle. Near the rear/top of the scope tube, dow (the war time code) will be stamped along with a blue + which indicates that the scope was filled with grease that is resistant to cold weather. Unlike most other scopes, the dow has no sunshade. The front claw ring will have a e/63 inspection stamp. The rear claw ring will also have a e/63 in addition to a capital ‘A’ and three digit number. Early claw mounts will lack the e/63 stamps and rear numbering. Instead they will have numbers on the spring loaded claws. Often these are low numbers (such as 27). These early style claw rings are far less common then the latter proofed examples. Scopes were fitted with rings before being sent to Brünn.
Collecting the Objective and Double Claw Mount
Both Objective mounts and Double Claw mounts are rare sniper rifles in the collecting market. Extreme caution should be used when purchasing one. Since there is so little known about Objective mounts, it is very difficult to authenticate a rifle. An understanding of Steyr SS contract and SSZZA4 built rifles will aid in authenticating a Double claw since these are the most commonly encountered base rifles. According to war time documents the SS sent 5,000 rifles to Brünn for sniper conversion.